首页  »  演讲英语 » TED十佳演讲之游戏的力量:游戏创造美好生活(2)




This is actually me making the "I'm Not Good At Life" face.这就是我做出的“不擅长生活”表情This is a piece of graffiti in my old neighborhood这也是我在加州的伯克利的in Berkeley, California, where I did my PhD一个老社区进修我的博士学位时的一个涂鸦on why we're better in games than we are in real life.而我读博士研究的课题就是“为什么我们觉得虚拟游戏世界比现实世界更好”And this is a problem that a lot of gamers have.同时这也是一个很多游戏玩家的难题We feel that we are not as good in reality as we are in games.我们感觉自己无法像在游戏中一样适应现实生活And I don't mean just good as in successful,我不认为适应就是成功,二者不是等价的although that's part of it.纵然适应是成功的一部分We do achieve more in game worlds. But I also我们确实在游戏世界中收获更多的成功mean good as in但是这里所说的适应motivated to do something that matters,就是指去做紧要事情的内在动力、inspired to collaborate and to cooperate.激起合作的灵感以及协作And when we're in game worlds当我们处于游戏世界时I believe that many of us become我觉得我们可以做最好的自己the best version of ourselves, the most likely to help at a moment's notice,这时看到一个消息我们就会去帮助别人the most likely to stick with a problem并且会持之以恒的解决一个问题as long at it takes, to get up after failure and try again.面对挫折我们会勇敢得站起来,并且继续奋斗And in real life, when we face failure,但,在现实生活中,当我们面对失败的时候when we confront obstacles, we often don't feel that way.当我们遭遇障碍的时候,我们通常就不会那么感觉了We feel overcome,我们通常会觉得we feel overwhelmed,很压抑、不知所措、we feel anxious, maybe depressed, frustrated or cynical.不知所措、焦虑,甚至沮丧、灰心或者愤世嫉俗We never have those feelings when we're playing games,这个时候我们就没有玩游戏那个时候的感受了they just don't exist in games.在游戏中就不会存在这些感觉So, that's what I wanted to study这就是我在读研究生时when I was a graduate student.研究的东西What about games makes it impossible游戏能否让我们觉得,to feel that we can't achieve everything?做不成任何事情是不可能的呢?How can we take those feelings from games我们怎么才能把从游戏中获得的这种感觉and apply them to real-world work?转移到现实社会的工作中呢So, I looked at games like World of Warcraft,因此,我研究了一些像《魔兽世界》这样的游戏which is really the ideal collaborative problem-solving environment.它们正是理想的解决协作问题的平台And I started to notice a few things我注意到一些事情that make epic wins so possible in online worlds.正是这些事情让史诗般的胜利在网络游戏里面变得可能So, the first thing is whenever you show up in one of these online games,第一件事情是,无论何时当你出现在这些网络游戏里面的时候especially in World of Warcraft,特别是《魔兽世界》there are lots and lots of different characters游戏里面会有很多不同的角色who are willing to trust you with a world-saving mission, right away.他们对你非常信任,并且会帮助你完成拯救世界的任务But not just any mission, it's a mission that is perfectly matched但并不是所有的任务都是这样,with your current level in the game. Right?而仅仅是那些完全匹配你当前等级的任务So, you can do it.因此,你有能力去完成它They never give you a challenge that you can't achieve.设计者不会给你一个就你当前的能力完成不了的任务But it is on the verge of what you're capable of. So, you have to try hard,但完成这个任务需要发挥你能力的极限,因此,你必须尽你最大努力but there's no unemployment in World of Warcraft.在魔兽世界里人人都有自己的职位There is no sitting around wringing your hands,那里没有观众there's always something specific and important to be done.那里一直有一些非常特别并且很重要的事情等着你去完成And there are also tons of collaborators.并且游戏世界里有很多的人可以协作Everywhere you go, hundreds of thousands of people不论你到了哪里,ready to work with you都会有成千上万的人等着和你合作to achieve your epic mission.去完成那些艰巨的任务That's not something that we have in real life that easily,在现实生活中就没有这么轻松了this sense that at our fingertips这种在我们指尖间就有成千上万合作伙伴的感觉are tons of collaborators.在现实生活中就没有这么简单了And also there is this epic story, this inspiring story在游戏中会有美妙的故事情节,而这些情节of why we're there, and what we're doing.吸引了我们,并且激励着我们的所作所为And then we get all this positive feedback.同时,对于我们所做出的任何努力都会有一个积极肯定的回应You guys have heard of leveling up and plus-one strength,你们肯定听说过等级提升,and plus-one intelligence.伴随着等级提升力量加一点同时智力加一点We don't get that kind of constant feedback in real life.而我们在现实生活中就没有这种持续的回馈When I get off this stage I'm not going to have比如说,当我走下这个舞台的时候,我不会有plus-one speaking, and plus-one crazy idea,演说能力加一,疯狂的创意能力加一plus-20 crazy idea.更不用说疯狂的创意能力加20了I don't get that feedback in real life.在现实生活中我没有得到任何奖励Now, the problem with collaborative online environments在网络虚拟环境中,like World of Warcraft比如《魔兽世界》is that it's so satisfying和别人协作是一件非常惬意的事情to be on the verge of an epic win all the time因为我们可以不停得向最终的胜利冲击that we decide to spend all our time in these game worlds.也正是因为如此我们才会一直沉醉于游戏世界中It's just better than reality.因为它比现实更好So, so far, collectively all the World of Warcraft gamers到目前为止,《魔兽世界》的游戏玩家们已经花费了总数为593万年的时间have spent 5.93 million years去解决艾泽拉斯里面的solving the virtual problems of Azeroth.各种虚拟的问题Now, that's not necessarily a bad thing.这不是一件坏事It might sound like it's a bad thing.不过听起来像是一件坏事